Sid Ahmed Ghozali was born on 31 March 1937 in Maghnia, Algeria. He was Prime Minister of Algeria from 1991 to 1992. He was a member of the National Liberation Front Party and an ally of President Houari Boumedienne, under whom he served as head of Sonatrach from 1966 to 1977, when he became Minister of Energy and Industry.
He became Ambassador in Brussels to the Benelux countries and the European Community from 1984 à 1988. He returned to Algeria in 1988 as Finance Minister until 1989. He was Minister for Foreign Affairs until 1991. On June 5, 1991, he succeeded Mouloud Hamrouche as Prime Minister; he remained Prime Minister following the January 1992 resignation of Bendjedid and takeover by the military, but he resigned on July 8 of that year, shortly after the assassination of Mohammed Boudiaf.
From 1992 until 1994 he was Ambassador to Paris, France. He was candidate in the 1999 Presidential elections and he run again in 2004, but he was disqualified by the Constitutional Council. Sid Ahmed Ghgozali is very active in the promotion of the rule of law, human rights and emocratization activities in his homeland and beyond.